THERE ARE MANY CAUSES OF ED
Many things can contribute to erectile dysfunction, and ED itself can be a signal of other underlying medical conditions. This is why evaluation by a board-certified urologist is so important. A one-stop shop peddling injections or devices to treat your ED is highly unlikely to discover any underlying (in some instances life-threatening) causes. Our goal is to treat ED while simultaneously maximizing your overall health and well-being.
SPECIFIC CAUSES OF ED
Central nervous system disease. The central nervous system consists primarily of the brain and spinal cord. The brain generates the directive to get an erection, which is then carried to the pelvic nerves by the spinal cord. As such, diseases that affect the central nervous system can lead to ED: dementia, stroke, Parkinson’s and temporal-lobe epilepsy, among others. Trauma and multiple sclerosis can also be factors.
Peripheral nervous system conditions. The pelvic nerves can be damaged by trauma or pelvic surgery. Among the latter known to cause ED are radical prostatectomy, radical cystectomy and abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer. Diabetes mellitus can also damage the peripheral nerves involved in erections.
Psychogenic erectile dysfunction. Because the brain is where an erection originates, psychological factors sometimes play a role in ED. Situational stress, performance anxiety, depression and other problems can lead to profound sexual dysfunction. Psychological factors can coexist with conditions such as vascular disease and must be dealt with concurrently.
Endocrine disorders. Testosterone deficiency is one correctible cause of ED. Hyperprolactinemia, an endocrine disorder caused by pituitary tumors or drugs, can lead to low testosterone and ED; hypo- or hyperthyroidism can also cause ED if not treated appropriately.
Arterial insufficiency. Reduced arterial blood flow to the penis can lead to what’s called “vasculogenic” ED. Atherosclerosis (clogging of the arteries) caused by dyslipidemia, smoking and diabetes mellitus are common causes of vasculogenic ED. Pelvic trauma and radiation can also damage the arteries that carry blood to the penis, resulting in poor erectile function.
Venous insufficiency. This causes blood to leak out of the penis during an erection, leading to reduced penile rigidity. Diabetes, penile injury and Peyronie’s disease can cause venous leakage and subsequent erectile dysfunction.
Drug-induced ED. A multitude of drugs, through a variety of mechanisms, can cause ED: certain blood-pressure medications, antidepressants and drugs that treat other psychiatric disorders can cause profound sexual dysfunction, while some over-the-counter medications can affect blood flow to the penis or lower testosterone levels. Recreational drugs such as marijuana can dramatically lower testosterone, and medicine used to treat chronic pain can cause ED as well.
Learn more about the array of treatment options for ED at Obsidian Men's Health.